Tips for protecting and preserving your eyes:
- Cataract –
The problem: when a cataract clouds the lens, your vision fogs and lights get a halo.
Tips for prevention: protect your eyes with lenses that block UVA and UVB light, and avoid smoking.
- Diabetic retinopathy –
The problem: Diabetes can swell the retina and make blood vessels leak or grow, causing blurring, flashes, floaters, pain, and pressure.
Tips for prevention: Get yearly dilated eye exams to detect diabetic eye problems early, which prevent or slow vision loss.
- Macular degeneration –
The problem: In age-related macular degeneration (AMD), tissue breakdown or blood vessel growth in the macula makes it hard to see faces, read, drive, and more.
Tips for prevention: Avoid smoking, which doubles your risk of macular degeneration as you age. Exercise regularly, control your blood pressure and cholesterol.
- Glaucoma –
The problem: Pressure from too much fluid damages the optic nerve, which when steals your peripheral and then your central vision.
Tips for prevention: Consult with your eye doctor to keep your eye pressure well-controlled to avoid losing vision.
- Refractive errors –
The problem: The cornea and lens must be shaped right for light rays to bend(refract) and land on the retina to make their way to the brain. If this process doesn’t happen, vision blurs.
Tips for prevention: Eye exams are recommended annually before age 18 and after age 65, and every two years in between.